Influence of tillage depth and organic resuide placement on calcareous soil productivity under irrigation frequencies with high saline water [electronic resource].

By: Language: English Summary language: Arabic Description: p.65-79Other title:
  • تأثير عمق الحرث وطرق اضافة المخلفات العضوية على خواص وانتاجية الاراضى الجيرية تحت فترات الرى بمياه عالية الملوحة [Added title page title]
Uniform titles:
  • Egyptian journal of desert research, 2003 v.53 (1) [electronic resource].
Subject(s): Online resources: In: Egyptian Journal of Desert Research 2003.v.53(1)Summary: A Field experiment was conducted at Ras Suder experimental station of DRC, South Sinai, during 1998/1999-winter season. The aim of this experiment is to study the effect of tillage depth and application method of organ residue on calcareous soil productivity, under different irrigation frequencies with high saline water. The treatments were; two irrigation frequencies (7 VS 14-day interval); two tillage depths (20and 30-40cm depth); three methods of applying orgallic residue, i.e., (surface, mixed and layer), beside the control (without applying residue). The treatments were arranged in a split split plot design with five replicates. Wheat production was affected significantly by the imposed treatments. The grain and straw yields of wheat crop increased significantly due to tillage depth; application method of residue and/or irrigation interval. The N, P, K, Fe, Mn and Zn contents of wheat grains and straw were significantly increased due to the studied treatments. The highest yield was obtained by mixing (5 ton/fed.) organic residue and plowing calcareous soil at 30-40cm depth under 7 -day irrigation interval. This was actually reflected in increasing usage efficiency values for both water and NPK by wheat plants. Tillage - and/or organic residue under the two studied irrig::ttion periods have affected soil properties. The soil pH, EC, SAR and ESP values as well as the concentrations of soluble Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+' K+, cr, HCO-3 and SO=4 were decreased with different magnitudes in the tillage with organic residue treatments under both irrigation frequencies. The extractable amounts of N, P, K, Fe, Mn and Zn in the studied calcareous soil were positively affected by the imposed treatments.
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A Field experiment was conducted at Ras Suder experimental station of DRC, South Sinai, during 1998/1999-winter season. The aim of this experiment is to study the effect of tillage depth and application method of organ residue on calcareous soil productivity, under different irrigation frequencies with high saline water. The treatments were; two irrigation frequencies (7 VS 14-day interval); two tillage depths (20and 30-40cm depth); three methods of applying orgallic residue, i.e., (surface, mixed and layer), beside the control (without applying residue). The treatments were arranged in a split split plot design with five replicates. Wheat production was affected significantly by the imposed treatments. The grain and straw yields of wheat crop increased significantly due to tillage depth; application method of residue and/or irrigation interval. The N, P, K, Fe, Mn and Zn contents of wheat grains and straw were significantly increased due to the studied treatments. The highest yield was obtained by mixing (5 ton/fed.) organic residue and plowing calcareous soil at 30-40cm depth under 7 -day irrigation interval. This was actually reflected in increasing usage efficiency values for both water and NPK by wheat plants. Tillage - and/or organic residue under the two studied irrig::ttion periods have affected soil properties. The soil pH, EC, SAR and ESP values as well as the concentrations of soluble Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+' K+, cr, HCO-3 and SO=4 were decreased with different magnitudes in the tillage with organic residue treatments under both irrigation frequencies. The extractable amounts of N, P, K, Fe, Mn and Zn in the studied calcareous soil were positively affected by the imposed treatments.

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